The East African Rift System

The East African Rift System (EARS) is a classical example of the ongoing continental rifting at an early stage of rifting from the incipient rifting in the Okavango rift zone in the south-westernmost end of the EARS to the transition of the continental rifting to oceanic spreading centre in the Afar Depression in the north-easternmost end of the EARS (Fig. required). The EARS is divided into two branches namely the magma-rich eastern branch and the magma-poor western branch that bifurcate around the Achaean Tanzanian Craton (Fig. required). The eastern branch, which developed within the Mozambique orogenic belt runs over a distance of 2200 km from the Afar Depression in the north through the Main Ethiopian Rift, Turkana Rift, the Kenya Rift, to the Northern Tanzanian Divergent (NTD) where it divide itself into the west (Natron), middle (Eyasi) and east (Pangani) rifts segments (Chorowicz, 2005; Corti, 2009; Dawson, 2008, 1992; Ebinger et al., 1997; Mulibo and Nyblade, 2016).