The 1960’s and 1970’s will be known as a time of change in the culture and humanity of America

The 1960’s and 1970’s will be known as a time of change in the culture and humanity of America. It was a time of peace and love when in reality; many minorities were struggling to gain their equality and freedom. The younger generations were starting to rebel against the conventional norms, questioning the government and power, and insisting that minorities get more freedom. In addition, enormous movements like the civil rights, anti-war, and women’s rights movement will take place. The Civil and Women’s Rights Movements transformed American society during the 60’s and 70’s due to the change in employment, and education.
The Civil Rights Movement didn’t start to evolve until the 1960’s. The younger generations advocated equality for women, African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans. Before it was very difficult for an African American to obtain any equal rights. At first, it started with peaceful protest and later on they started to get more violent and through that came an embrace for their culture. You had many programs to help minorities and these include CORE, SNCC, NAACP, and the SCLC but out of all of these groups, SNCC and CORE seem to be more radical. You also had affirmative action which also helped minorities but it leads to a backlash due to many might calling it “reverse discrimination”. The Freedom Riders was a peaceful protest from multicultural people who rode on a bus from Virginia to Louisiana and they failed miserably due to them burning the bus, as a result to that they got arrested. In 1964, the Freedom Summer had a serious backlash in trying to get rid of voter restrictions in Mississippi and the result of this situation was that three innocent people died and these individuals are Andrew Goodman, James Chaney, and Schwerner. Not only did they protest but they took the legal challenges which helped them implement through the court. Cases like the Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education, Loving v Virginia, and the University of California Regents v. Bakke will help their amendments. As governor of Alabama, George Wallace said, “Segregation now! Segregation tomorrow! Segregation forever!” Due to this statement, it made African American students tried to desegregate the University of Alabama, before they just brushed off the issue until Kennedy got involve. Kennedy deployed the National Guard troops to enforce desegregation at the University of Alabama. In 1962, a 29 year old air force veteran named James Meredith encountered violent opposition when he attempted to register at Ole Mississippi. In the end JFK was forced to send in 400 federal marshals and 3,000 troops to enroll Meredith in his first class and at first it gets admitted but not really. In 1963, a black Mississippi civil rights worker, Medgar Evers was shot by a white gunmans. Martin Luther King Jr. and SCLC hosted a campaign against discrimination in Birmingham, Alabama. John F. Kennedy will introduce the Civil Rights Acts but failed to do so due to Congress being controlled by the South. It also created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) which eliminates any discrimination while hiring employees. In 1964, LBJ is able to pass the Civil Rights Act and now everybody gets the same opportunities. In 1965, they enforce the Voting Rights Acts gets rid of voting barriers which starts to give African Americans more political power. Due to this reason, whites in the South will turn Republican. Things don’t start to get more violent until after ’65 due to police brutality, economic opportunities, segregation, and militancy. It isn’t until after all of this happens that they embrace their culture, they start to realize that “Black is beautiful.” The Black Power and the Black Panther is put into full affect.
Feminism is the idea that men and women should be politically, economically, and socially equal. Feminism won’t start until the 50’s and be put more into effect until the 70’s. Women in the 50’s were portrayed as perfect housewives which was not true because forty percent worked outside the house making ends mean. It was the time of the Vietnam War and unlike everyone else, women were opposed to the war like the younger generations. Birth control didn’t have it’s full time effect until the Sexual Revolution, almost 97 percent of women were using birth control. The birth control allows women to not get pregnant so that they can have the ability to work or go pursue in their education. Women would meet to discuss the injustice of “sexism”, which acquired the to start many feminist projects such as health collectives, day care centers, abortion counseling services, and women study programs. The Feminine Mystique was a classic feminist protest literature, written by Betty Friedan, that helped launch the modern women’s movement; indicating how difficult a woman’s life is because she is not thinking about herself but her family which attacks the argument of cult of domesticity. In the 1970’s, they focused on three issues: equality for education/employment, access to legal abortions and the passage to the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). Founded in 1966, the National Organization for Women (NOW) called for equal employment opportunity and equal pay for women. The National Organization for Women also championed the legalization of abortion and passage of an equal rights amendment to the Constitution. The Equal Right Amendment guaranteed “equality of rights under the law that shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.” Despite the public support, the amendment failed to acquire the necessary support from three-fourths of the state legislatures. Congress approved the Title IX of the Higher Education Act which prohibited having the bias on the basis of sec in any educational program that received federal resources. Like the minorities, women also took some legal action into those three issues and these court cases include: Roe v. Wade, Reed v Reed, and Meritor Saving Bank v Vinson. Then again you have Glass Ceiling which is invisible barriers that keep women from getting an upper position job.