1.1. The law in the UK covers the following aspects:
• Minimum wage,
• hours working,
• health and safety,
• holiday entitlement,
• redundancy and dismissal,
• disciplinary procedures.
• Pay :- being paid and payslips, company sick pay rights and performance-related pay
• Employment contracts and conditions:- contract of employment, changes to employment conditions and breach of contract
• The national minimum wage :- the national minimum wage rates and calculating the national minimum wage
• Time off and holidays :- annual leave and holiday, time to train ( request time at work to learn new skills) and time off for dependants
• Working hours: – working time limits (the 48 hour week), rest breaks and over time.
• Flexible working :- the right to request flexible work, working from home and part- time work Sickness absence:- time off for sickness and statement of fitness for work( fit note)
• Business transfers and takeover:- employment protection during business transfers and takeovers and transfers of employment contracts
1.3. legislation relating to employment exists to stop employers abusing and taking advantage of its employees, it protects against discrimination at work and means all employees gets fair and equal pay, making each setting a safer and more efficient environment to work. There is also an increasing responsibility for employers to protect the health and safety of their employees.
1.4. When I need information and advice with regards to employment responsibilities and rights, I can find these within my contract provided by my employer at the start of my employment, or I can find this information written in the staff handbook. There are also policy and procedure documents available within my setting or I could ask a member of staff if I am unsure of my responsibilities.
2.1. My contract tells me my job title, my rate of pay so I know how much I am getting paid monthly. My holiday entitlements so I know how many hours holiday I can take in a year, it tells me if and when I’m entitled to sick pay and lastly it tells me how much notice I have to give my manger if I want to leave.
2.2. My payslip shows my name so I know I have the right one. Employee number which is unique to me. My gross and net pay which is my pay before and after tax. It show how much tax I have paid that month and year to date and what tax period we are in. It shows me N.I. number which is also unique to me.
2.3. I will inform the manager or deputy manager of the nature of my complaint. One of them will hold a meeting with me to discuss the complaint and I will be allowed to be accompanied by a colleague at this meeting. They will decide on appropriate action but I am allowed to take my grievance further if it is not resolved satisfactorily or if my grievance is about my manager.
2.4. Employees personal data should be kept safe, secure and up to date by an employer. Data an employer can keep abound an employee includes name, address, date of birth, sex, education and qualifications, work experience, National Insurance number, tax code, details of any known disability, emergency contact details.
2.5. To implement agreed ways of working I follow the care plan. Duty of care is the obligation I have to exercise a level of care towards an individual, as is reasonable in all the circumstances, to avoid injury to that individual or his/her property. Dilemma can occur when an individual makes a risky choice. They have a right to do this and I must respect their choices but I also have a duty to keep them safe.
3. Understand how own role fits within the wider context of the sector.
3.1. My role is to provide a safe, stimulating and caring environment where children can reach their full potential. To plan activities for the children throughout the day. To provide a high quality, practical and welcoming learning environment for the children. To make sure my observations are all up to date and kept on top of.
To follow school complaints procedure when required. To support the transition of children within the Nursery to other educational/care settings, ensuring continuity of learning. To attend regular supervision, team meetings and training as required by the Manager. To participate in annual appraisals. To take part in all aspects of the daily routine, including toileting, nappy changes, and cleaning duties. To maintain high standards of accuracy and confidentiality in record keeping.
3.2. The effect of my role is that the parent feel the nursery is safe and the children feel happy there, so they will be able to learn in the a safe, stimulating and caring environment so they can reach their full potential. I make sure the children are happy and well care for thought out the day and that they are progressing as they should.
3.3. It is to ensure the nursery works better to make sure all the children are happy, safe , well cared for and learning as they should and that the nursery is following all the laws and rule set out by the Ofsted and the government .
3.4. Ofsted:- they are the Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills. They report directly to Parliament and are independent and impartial. They inspect and regulate all services which care for children and young people, and those providing education and skills for learners of all ages. Every week, they carry out hundreds of inspections and regulatory visits throughout England and publish the results on their website. They work with providers which are not yet good to promote their improvement, monitoring their progress and sharing with them the best practice they find. The government :- they are responsible in making sure that all service which care for children and young people are following the laws they set out and are not breaking any of them.
4. Understand career pathways available within own and related sectors.
4.1. Playground workers, practitioner in a children’s centre , day nurseries, nursery school or reception class, registered child minder and nanny.
4.2. The news papers, the internet, schools, job centre, media/tv, radio.
4.3. The next step in my career path will be room leader I will be responsible for the running of the room and making sure all the staff in the room are working to their full potential to make sure all children are happy, safe and learning and following activity plans.
5. Understand how issues of public concern may affect the image and delivery of services in the sector.
5.1. Occasions where the public have raised concerns in the sector is when nursery workers are charged with child abuse, child neglect or child pornography. Also, if the nursery hasn’t completed a full CRB check to ensure the new member of staff are allowed to work with children. Example- when a nursery nurse , who abused babies and toddlers in her care, swapped her collection of images with the two other accused, it was found staff were unwilling to challenge her overtly sexual behaviour for fear of being seen as “prudish”. she was charged with seven offences against children in her care and the other member of staff who was employed as fully qualified nursery nurse even though the nursery had not made an up-to-date Criminal Record Bureau check and he had not completed his college course.
5.2. The public feel all nurseries must have the highest level of child protection in place because there are people who will take full advantage of vulnerable toddlers and children to feed the trade in indecent images, a vile industry which continues to destroy children’s lives. It is vital that nurseries properly vet, train and supervise their staff because just because someone does not have a criminal record does not guarantee they are safe, though the vast majority of children are safe at nursery we must not forget there are predators who will use their position of trust to abuse them when the opportunity arises and no staff should have a phone or be left alone with the children.
5.3. The public have seemed to lost faith in the nursery, schools and the government is making more and more mistake in the last few years. and not protesting the children of being mistreated as the parent do not feel it is safe to send they children to nursery at a young age because they cannot tell them If something as happen to them so they are waiting long to send they children to nursery and schools. The media have issued a lot of publicity stating how the care companies, social services and regulators which have let the victims and them family down by simply not taking the cases seriously enough and ensuring the well-being and the standards are being met.
5.4. The every child matters, local authority (duty to secure early years provision free of charge) regulation 2012, the early years foundation stage (learning and development requirements) (amendment) order 2012, the early years foundation stage (welfare requirements) regulation 2012, the early years foundation stage (exemptions from learning and development requirements) regulations 2008 as amended by the early years foundation stage (exemptions from learning and development requirements) (amendment) 2012 which came into force on October 2012 and the children and families bill