Definition of Servant Leadership The term servant leadership was first coined in 1970 by Robert Greenleaf in his influential essay The Servant as Leader

Definition of Servant Leadership
The term servant leadership was first coined in 1970 by Robert Greenleaf in his influential essay The Servant as Leader. Servant leadership is about making a difference: serving others first, creating harmony and building a sense of community within the team, focus on collaboration instead of competition, building trust, inspiring others, leading the way and enabling others to prosper (Greenleaf, 1970). Greenleaf was concerned of those focused on leading first and wary if centralized organizational structure is the right management style to successfully run companies. As a servant leader, you serve first – before considering your needs, the focus should be first on the needs of others. By being a servant first with a motivation to extend help to others, true and genuine leadership qualities will arise. Servant leadership believes that by building a sense of community within the team – acknowledging other team member’s input and feedbacks, by involving them in decision making, by giving them the support their functions require, leads to stronger bond and trust within team members and as a result higher engagement. According to Greenleaf (1970), being a leader is just a temporary title, any time that title can be stripped-off therefore while still in position, a servant leader must make a real difference by serving to others.
Spears (2005, p.29) further stated that servant leadership is a model “based on teamwork and community” and that it “seeks to involve others in decision making…to enhance the personal growth of workers while improving the caring and quality of our many institutions”.
To understand the needs of others and to be able to satisfy those needs, the servant leader has to put himself or herself in the in the position of the team members to get their perspective (Russell and Stone, 2002). According to Page and Wong (2000), the definition of servant leadership is serving others by encouraging the others to achieve personal and professional development and by doing so, the whole team will be able to achieve their goals that benefit everyone.
A servant leader believes that by demonstrating that he or she prioritises the workers above shareholders through building a harmonious and supportive working environment, it can inspire and motivate employees to respond positively and thus results to increased productivity (Wong and Davey, 2007).

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