1940–45: In 1940 Sighet was incorporated into Hungary, an ally of Nazi Germany. Now the Frieds found themselves subject to Hungarian anti-Jewish legislation. In 1944 Kato’s father was arrested for listening to British radio broadcasts and he perished in a concentration camp. After the German occupation of Hungary that March, Kato and her mother were deported to Auschwitz, where they were selected for forced labor. In December, they were sent on a death march to Germany. In spring 1945, they were liberated by Allied troops.
After the war, Kato and her mother returned to Hungary, where they reunited with Theodore, who had survived in hiding. Soon afterward, they crossed the border into Germany, where the family remained until 1948, living in camps set up to house Jewish displaced persons.


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